My name is Matt, and I like to tinker with stuff. I will fix anything I can, even if it doesn’t need fixing. I’m always doing something, so I figured I’d document my projects – in case anything proves useful for anyone else.
Unlike most teenagers, when I turned 16 I didn’t want a car. I wanted a new BMX bike. I was big into biking back then and up to that point had been riding around one bikes I put together with scrap pieces. Sometimes the fork would break off going over jumps.. fun!
My parents were cool about it and got me a brand new GT Performer in the green splatter paint with mag wheels and gyro. It was awesome.
I rode the bike all the time, and even took it with me to college. It was my main form of transportation for a few years before I brought my car down to campus.
After graduating college, the bike didn’t see all that much use anymore. Living in FL, and storing it in outside storage did not bode well for the poor bike. All the chrome was rusty, the tires were flat, and the brakes didn’t work anymore. It was also filthy.
I wasn’t sure what to do with it, so I considered selling it. I cleaned the bike up the best I could and put it on craigslist. It cleaned up pretty good, but the rust was still pretty bad.
I also posted over at the BMX museum about how much people think it would be worth. Apparently that is against the rules there, but most people suggested hanging on to it.
So I took it off craigslist, and decided I was going to fully restore it to all its original glory.
Let the disassembly begin!
I started documenting how parts were assembled so that when I took them apart, I could actually reassemble them.
The front brake assembly
The rear brake assembly
And the gyro assembly. I really needed to document this I thought… it seemed complicated.
Everything taken apart.
I used some simple green industrial strength degreaser and cleaned everything as best as I could. I soaked all the brake components in it, as well as the stem, pedal and wheel bearings. I wanted to repack all the bearings for a nice smooth ride.
On to cleaning up the chrome. I read online that tinfoil and coke or vinegar works wonders for cleaning surface corrosion off of chrome. I was hoping all I had to deal with was surface corrosion. I got some white vinegar and started polishing the fork with tinfoil. To my surprise it really worked well. The right side here is polished, while the left side is not.
It was even gentle enough to go over the decals without tearing them off. Color me impressed.
This is no quick process however, so I spent many hours in the garage with a bowl of vinegar and some tinfoil and polished all the chrome I could reach. I think it turned out damn good.
I skipped taking pictures for most of the reassembly, but I purchased new brake lines and a new odyssey gyro. I wanted it to look as new as possible. I also used synthetic grease to pack the bearings for the wheels, pedals and stem. Put it back together like I took it apart… The gyro was simple enough to get on. Everything runs perfectly smooth now. I doubt I’ll ride this bike much, but at least now it’s restored. Maybe I’ll hang it on a wall someday…
List of purchases for this project:
|1||Simple Green 19024 Crystal Industrial Cleaner/Degreaser||$13.01|
|1||Odyssey Gyro G3 Threadless Bike Detangler||$20.89|
|1||Shimano Brake Cable and Housing Set||$11.45|
|1||Super Lube 21030 Synthetic Grease||$5.20|
After flying my ZMR 250 around for a while, I felt like I was progressing in skill flying FPV. The more risks I took with flying, the more components started to break. I don’t know if it was because I didn’t really know what I was doing when I was building my first quad or what, but I was constantly having to come home to fix some broken soldering joint, torn wire, or order a new part.
I decided to look for a new frame, that would let me keep most of the components concealed inside for (what I would hope would be) better durability. I was browsing rcgroups and came across a new frame being released by RMRC. The Mudskipper 250. The kits are no longer available because I believe the ready to fly versions have been discontinued. I ordered just the frame kit, with a basic PDB.
Since I wanted to keep my ZMR 250 still flyable, I ordered some new components. I cannibalized the FPV camera and video transmitter from the ZMR, but ordered some new DYS XM20A ESCs, the new Emax RS2205 2300kv motors, another RMRC Dodo Flight Controller, and a new GoPro Hero 4 Session to be able to mount on the thinner HD camera mount on the mudskipper. The video and sound quality of the gopro blows away the xiaomi yi’s.
Once the kit arrived I started laying everything out trying to figure out how I was going to fit everything inside.
I soldered the ESCs to the motors, leaving all the slack in the leads so I could place the ESCs inside the body of the frame. I got the PDB installed and then soldered the ESCs to the PDB and started working on the flight controller connections.
This frame is different in that there are no standoffs holding the flight controller in place. Instead it gets stuck to the frame using double sided foam tape. I was skeptical, but it held up pretty good.
Some of my flush cut through hole soldering. There was no room for pins on this flight controller, so everything had to be direct soldered. Not too bad I’d say.
One I got the flight controller mounted to the frame, I had to tuck and route all the wires into frame cavity. It was a tight fit, but everything managed to fit.
And with the bottom plate attached
There; now all my components were safely inside the frame, protected from damage – or so I thought. One thing I noticed this far into the build is that this frame is heavy. It seemed much heavier than the ZMR, and I still don’t have everything installed. Pigtails seen here sticking out for the receiver, buzzer and FPV transmitter.
I ordered a receiver mounting plate off of great 3d, and stuck it to the back of the frame. I mounted all the FPV gear in the front of the frame. There is a FPV antenna holder on the HD camera mount, so it seemed logical for everything to sit up front.
I thought the frame was looking pretty good right now.
Ready for first flight. Damn this thing is really heavy now. I’m still flying 3S batteries. I could have probably been better off with 4S for this frame.
And a few minutes later…. Boom.
Nothing in this hobby ever seems to be easy. I fell out of the sky directly on to the Gopro, which pretty much destroyed the HD and FPV camera mount. This frame seems to just fall at little to no throttle – which was quite different from the ZMR I had. I had to order new parts to even be able to get back in the air here. That is one of the downsides of this frame – all the parts are unique.
Once I got the spares I needed I was back in the air flying. Again I fell out of the sky on to a parking lot and completely destroyed the receiver and the back of the frame.
Time to use some ingenuity and figure out how to salvage the frame now.
After some toying around, I decided to move the receiver up front and completely chop off the tail of the frame. This made things pretty tight up front, but overall I think I’m pleased with how it turned out…
Cut and sanded the carbon fiber tail.
Ready for the skies again!
At home in the wild.
Like probably half of the guys in the world, once the Drone Racing League videos started coming out, I became fascinated with quadcopters. I started reading up on the carbon fiber racing quads, and watching all kinds of videos on how to build and fly them. My wife saw me watching build videos and asked me when the parts for mine would show up… I decided to order everything that afternoon.
I had always wanted to fly an RC airplane, but never got the opportunity. Now was my chance to build and fly something cool. I dove in head first, ordering most of the best gear I could find. On a recommendation from an online forum, I ordered a ZMR 250 clone kit, which included the frame, ESCs, motors and most everything to put it together. I ordered the 1st version of this kit from Multi Rotor Mania.
To get a flyable quad, I would at least need a flight controller, receiver and transmitter. Again on some recommendations, I went with the RMRC Seriously Dodo Rev 3 FC, the FrSky X4R-SB receiver and the Taranis X9D Plus Transmitter.
I had never soldered something this complicated before so I needed to order some tools. I headed to Amazon and ordered what I thought I might need. I got a new chinesium soldering iron, a soldering iron holder, some miscellaneous size heat shrink, M3 standoff spacers, a cutting mat that everyone online seemed to be using, and a heat gun for the heat shrink.
I also needed some batteries and a charger, so for those I took some more advice and procured a turnigy charger and 10 3s 1500mah 35-70C batteries from HobbyKing. These are really starter batteries, so they should do well for a first timer
Some of the tools arriving!
I ordered some fancy looking LEDs from RMRC, and decided to give soldering electronics a go. I didn’t blow anything up and they worked!
A few days later my quad kit and transmitter arrived, so it was time to get jamming…
I started assembling the frame. The instructions were pretty clear, plus it was kind of obvious where parts needed to go. I installed the standoffs to mount the PDB and flight controller. I also connected the receiver to the flight controller using this wiring diagram from rcgroups.com
I then bound the receiver to the taranis transmitter successfully, and verified the configuration in cleanflight with the flight controller hooked to my computer via USB. This was a pretty big accomplishment for someone who had never soldered anything resembling circuits before.
Now on to soldering the motors to the ESCs. For this I had to remove the heat shrink from the ESC and desolder the existing motor leads. I was nervous, because I didn’t know how hot I could get the existing solder to remove the leads before I would toast the ESC. After removing the leads, and then soldering the motors directly to them, I had to test them out. I used this handy servo testing unit. The motors all worked. I didn’t fry anything yet!
Now on to the FPV equipment. I wasn’t going to be able to fly this thing without seeing where I’m going. For these I went with a Sony Super HAD CCD mini camera and Hawkeye 200mW video transmitter. Connecting these was pretty straight forward. Power into video transmitter via 12 volt regulator and filter, and power from the video transmitter to the camera. Signal from camera to transmitter via a homemade cable. Viola.
Now that I’ve verified all the individual components, it’s time to button this thing up and assemble everything. I mounted the flight controller and PDB on the standoffs. Soldered power from the PDB to the LEDs and Flight controller. Connected up the ESC signal wires to the flight controller, and we are ready to put the top plate on and Fly!
And we are ready to crash! After my first crash, I realized I didn’t have the prop nuts on tight enough and lost one. I got a whole 30 seconds of flying…
A quick run to Home Depot for some M5 locknuts and I was at least ready to fly again. This time I tried FPV with my fatshark goggles. This was a little disorienting at first, and I wasn’t really ready for it. I crashed 10s of times and decided line of sight flying was good for getting the hang of the controls for now.
I attached my Xiaomi Yi HD cam to the quad and just started flying around.
I really sucked at flying. This is hard! Time to download FPV freerider, and connect my Taranis to the computer and fly the sim for a few hours.
After a few hours I felt comfortable enough to get out and fly some FPV. I took the quad to a field nearby and success! I crashed a few times, but was able to fly pretty damn good for a first timer.
Warning! The Yi’s sound sucks so this is abnormally loud.
After a few more sessions I felt pretty confident about flying…
I even got a fancy pelican 1500 case to carry all my gear around in. Now I’m cool.
Keep on practicing…
List of purchases for this project:
|1||Vastar 60W 110V Adjustable Temperature Black Welding Soldering Iron||$16.99|
|1||Trakpower Deluxe Iron Holder with Sponge||$8.54|
|1||Anytime Tools AT201262 Heat Shrink||$6.70|
|1||Rosiness 180Pcs M3 Nylon Hex Spacers||$8.99|
|1||Revell Modelers Cut Mat||$11.71|
|1||TruePower 01-0712 Mini Heat Gun||$18.74|
|1||GoolRC HJ Digital Servo Tester||$10.99|
|1||YI 88001 16MP Action Camera||$99.99|
|1||Pelican 1500 Case with Foam||$109.95|